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Author Topic: The first steam turbine-powered steamship  (Read 485 times)
Siliconous Skumins
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« on: December 19, 2018, 04:44:46 am »




Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship. Built as an experimental vessel in 1894, and easily the fastest ship in the world at that time, Turbinia was demonstrated dramatically at the Spithead Navy Review in 1897 and set the standard for the next generation of steamships, the majority of which would be turbine powered. The vessel is currently located at the Discovery Museum in Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England, while her original powerplant is located at the London Science Museum.... Wikipedia

Construction started: 1894
Launched: 2 August 1894
Length: 32 m
Weight: 45 tons
Speed: 34.5 kn (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)
Builder: C. A. Parsons and Company
Out of service: 1927

Parsons' ship turned up unannounced at the Navy Review for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee at Spithead, on 26 June 1897, in front of the Prince of Wales, Lords of the Admiralty and foreign dignitaries. As an audacious publicity stunt, Turbinia, which was much faster than any ship at the time, raced between the two lines of navy ships and steamed up and down in front of the crowd and princes, while easily evading a Navy picket boat that tried to pursue her, almost swamping it with her wake.

A rather good explanation of the ship and this event can be found in this video:

The ship that revolutionised naval warfare


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Miranda.T
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« Reply #1 on: December 22, 2018, 12:53:22 am »

She's a most elegant vessel, and they really did mean business with those propellers.

Yours,
Miranda.
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James Harrison
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« Reply #2 on: December 22, 2018, 05:44:51 pm »

The multiple propellors on one shaft was an effort to get more speed for the same shaft horsepower; you see it too on the earliest torpedo boat destroyers. At some point circa 1900 there was some research done that showed that actually putting several props on the shaft resulted in excessive cavitation and makes it less efficient; the inner most prop dies all the work and the outer props just act as a brake, not contributing anything because they're spinning in broken water.
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Persons intending to travel by open carriage should select a seat with their backs to the engine, by which means they will avoid the ashes emitted therefrom, that in travelling generally, but particularly through the tunnels, prove a great annoyance; the carriage farthest from the engine will in consequence be found the most desirable.
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